Chronic Stress Disorder Explained


An endocrinologist named Dr. Hans Selye outlined a three stage lines of the body's response to stress. He called his model the General Adaptation Syndrome. Understanding these three stages will give you a better understanding as to the symptoms that occur with stress and how to deal with them.

This is the 'fight or flight' reaction to a given stress. It may occur as a reaction to imminent danger, or it may well be the first stressful reaction you feel upon hearing stressful news, such as the disappearance of a loved one. In this stage, your body physical reacts to the stress by releasing adrenaline to increase your heat and respiration rate and help you move quicker in a dangerous situation. A hormone called corticotropin is also published by the anterior pituitary gland to assist the body prepare for danger. Other physical responses to stress include butterflies in your stomach, difficulty concentrating, and a rise in blood pressure, dilation in the eyes, dry mouth, tensing of muscles.

Your body is still on alert for imminent danger during this stage. If this stage of stress becomes prolonged, such as when working with a long-term stressful situation, your body will become taxed by the physical responses. Over time, your immune system may become compromised, leaving you more vulnerable to illness. It only takes a couple of days in the resistance and adaptation stage for the immune system to become weakened.

The final stage in the General Adaptation Syndrome is the exhaustion stage where your body readjusts to normal. Additional hormones, called cortisols, are released to help relieve the harmful effects of stress. They are continually released until your body's chemistry comes back into balance. These hormones ultimately suppress the immune system and have the ability to worsen biological and psychological diseases and disorders.

Scientists have found a direct relationship between stress as well as the development of many physical illnesses and diseases. Emotional stress can weaken the immune and under the same regard, the reduction of stress can serve to strengthen the immune system.

Clinical studies showed that the body's response to stress can produce the same arteriosclerosis risk that results from smoking or high cholesterol levels. This drastically increases the risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke. Stress has likewise been associated with the development and progression of cancer as it reduces the body's natural ability to seek out and destroy malignant cells. Mental stress also makes it harder to withstand the exhausting treatments often required to treat cancer, such as chemotherapy and radiation. Other diseases that have are associated with stress include type II diabetes, respiratory dysfunction, infections, depression, and ulcers.

There are also instances when someone begins to starve stuff or purge them and such behaviors may alter the chemical composition of the brain thus prolonging the disorder. There are also studies that suggest there's a biological link that connects stress and the desire to eat and this may be consulted in comfort foods that are high in sugar, fat as well as calories and which act to calm the responses of the body towards chronic stress.

There is also another point worth considering when thinking about the root of eating disorder and that's that hormones that are produced whenever a person is stressed help to form fat cells. Especially, in Western civilizations where life is competitive, quick paced as well as demanding and full of stress there may be a connection between this type of modern lifestyle and the growing instances of overeating.

Stressors can be either external or internal. External stressors such as traffic jams, a mortality in the family, or a financial hardship, are often outside our direct control. Internal stressors on the other hand develop through our own personality traits and emotions. It is our ability to deal with these internal and external stressors that determines the level of stress we feel we have. Chemical substances such as alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, additives, drugs, sugar, and environmental toxins, put a further pressure on the body and are further sources of stress.

Physical signs of stress include dryness in the throat and mouth, tightened muscles in the neck shoulders and back, chronic neck and back pain, headaches or migraines, digestive disorders, shaking, muscle tics, fatigue, and sleep disorders. Mental symptoms of stress include difficulty concentrating, pessimism, anxiety, feelings of hopelessness, or depression. Tobacco, drug use, and alcohol can also be signs of stress.

If you have answered yes to any or all of the questions, it may be time to get help. Fortunately, there are several techniques that you will be able to use to reduce the number of stress in your life. Relaxation techniques, yoga, pilates, exercise, dietary changes, group discussions, and meditation can all help you relieve stress, restore your overall health, and boost your immune system.

11/03/2014 15:07:09
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